West Virginia becomes the first state to lower patient costs by sharing the savings

Scott LaGanga
Scott LaGanga April 20, 2021

West Virginia becomes the first state to lower patient costs by sharing the savings.

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In a historic moment for patient affordability, last week West Virginia became the first state in the nation to adopt ground-breaking legislation, HB2263, requiring insurers and their PBMs to share the savings they negotiate on medicines directly with patients.

This common sense policy could help lower what patients pay out of pocket by hundreds of dollars a year.

How it works

Biopharmaceutical companies negotiate substantial savings in the form of rebates and discounts with health insurers and their PBMs. These savings totaled $187 billion in 2020, more than doubling since 2012.

For patients whose cost sharing for medicines is based on a deductible or percentage coinsurance, their costs at the pharmacy are typically calculated by the insurer and PBM without accounting for these savings.

That means, insurers and PBMs often aren’t sharing the savings they receive on medicines with patients. As a result, this can leave some patients actually paying more for their medicine than their insurer did.


This new law changes that broken system by simply requiring insurers and their PBMs to automatically account for the savings they receive in calculating what the patient pays at the pharmacy. This will help lower out-of-pocket costs, bring more predictability for patients and improve medication adherence and health equity, resulting in better health outcomes for West Virginians in a time when many are facing economic hardship due to the pandemic.


This bipartisan solution was passed unanimously in West Virginia and should serve as a roadmap for other states looking to help lower costs for patients.  

Topics: Drug Cost, Out-of-Pocket Costs